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New Additions: Monkeys, Otters, Pigs

Spot-nosed guenon Indi hanging out on the swing in the lower exhibit

I just wanted to update everyone on some of the changes that are happening in Lost Forest at the San Diego Zoo. If you remember reading my older posts, Monkeys, Otters, and More and More about Monkeys and Otters, some of the same animals are still monkeying around in their current exhibits.

In the lower mixed-species exhibit, we still have our Allen’s swamp monkeys: Kinah, Deriai, Layla, Shaba and Nub. Our little juveniles are growing up so fast and still love to hang out with our spotted-necked otters from time to time. The spotted-necked otters currently in the lower exhibit are Mzee and Lila; however, you are not going to see them together. Mzee is Lila’s father, and we keep them separate so they don’t breed. Consequently, we rotate the two otters on exhibit, so one day you will see Mzee going down the water slides and Lila wrestling with the swamp monkeys the next. The otters don’t seem to mind at all!

You might also see some new faces in the lower exhibit, ones with blue faces, white cheeks, and white spots on their noses. These are our three, new spot-nosed guenon siblings: Indi, Chi-Chi, and Tiko. The first few weeks on exhibit, they were inseparable. They were like three monkeys in one. Wherever one went, the other two followed. You will see this close-knit behavior on exhibit. Indi and Chi-Chi are the two females. Indi has a little more meat on her bones. You will most likely see her try to take over any food situation. Chi-Chi, the smaller female, lets Indi eat her portions to keep their hierarchy balanced. But don’t worry, everyone gets enough food on and off exhibit. Tiko is the larger male spot-nosed guenon and loves to be groomed by the females. You will see him stretched out on one of the platforms with his legs and arms hanging down in such bliss. Every once in a while they interact with the swamp monkeys, but they definitely like to stay close to one another.

Spot-nosed guenons Indi, Chi Chi, and Tiko

In the upper exhibit, our adorable Allen’s swamp monkey pair, Jaribu and Ota, are doing great. Patty and Abu, the spot-nosed guenons who were in the lower exhibit last year, are now in the upper exhibit to accommodate our new arrivals. You’ll see Patty and Abu way up top in the trees where they like to hang out. Haraka and Spike, the spot-nosed guenons who used to be in this area, are now in the mixed-species area of Lost Forest with the mandrills and Angolan colobus.

And do you remember our charismatic Congo buffalo, Helen? She is still striding around the exhibit checking on what everyone else is doing or just relaxing in the back catching some Zs. Some of you might recall our spot-necked otter Khalil. He was paired with a female to start his own family and now resides at a different zoo. His mother, Pori, now inhabits the upper exhibit side. Mother otters in most cases isolate out the older daughter, and fathers isolate their sons after maturity due to competition for breeding. This is why Pori is housed alone as of now. If we get a breeding recommendation to breed Pori, then she may be paired with a male. For now, we wait and enjoy her company with the rest of the animals in the upper exhibit.

African spot-necked otter Pori grabs a fish in the deep pool while Jaribu watches.

Last but not least are our red river hogs! Helen’s red river hog friend from last year, Oboi, was transferred to breed with females at another zoo. Now Helen has some new friends to snuggle with. Our new additions include Hamela and Amy. A little shy at first, they warmed up to our older red river hog residents of a couple of months, Tarzan and CT. Talk about an inseparable foursome! You will love seeing this cuddle fest in the back of the exhibit. All four pigs and Helen took to each other rather quickly. Even behind the scenes, Helen and the pigs share the same beds, making it a cute group of “red” sleeping together. Helen is such a mom figure to these piggies!

(Clockwise) Helen the Congo buffalo, red river hogs CT, Hamela, Amy, and Tarzan

Well, hopefully you can come down and enjoy the new company of animals as much as I do. I randomly toss treats to the critters in the late morning/early afternoon, so come by and say hi!

Jasmine Almonte is a senior keeper at the San Diego Zoo.

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More about Monkeys and Otters

Spotted-necked otter Khalil

Be sure to read Jasmine’s previous post, Monkeys, Otters, and More.

In the lower mixed-species exhibit, if you are a veteran visitor to these exhibits in the San Diego Zoo’s Lost Forest , you’ll remember our little hand-raised juvenile Allen’s swamp monkey female, Kinah. She just turned four in October, and she’s got tons of playmates. Kinah likes to kiss up to the African spotted-necked otter boys Mzee and Khalil (maybe she thinks they’ll let her borrow some of their fish). Sometimes they’ll play “tag, you’re it” as Kinah tags the otters’ tail to catch their attention so that they can chase her.

Swamp monkey Layla

Along with Kinah, we also have three other juvenile Allen’s swamp monkeys. Shaba, our sleek and rambunctious male, is growing up to be a fine young monkey. He still loves to jump, walk the tight ropes, chase and tease the other juvenile girls, Layla and Deiriai, or as we call her, Little “D”.

It’s all fun and games until Abu and Patty, our Schmidt’s spot-nosed guenon male and female step in. Patty is the oldest monkey in the exhibit, and at 26, she likes to tell all those kids who’s boss. She mostly keeps to herself, up high in the bamboo structure or with Abu by her side. But her spunky personality and old charm makes her a fan favorite.

Spot-nosed guenon Abu

Our third Schmidt’s spot-nosed guenon is Spike. She is a passive female who became quick friends with Patty. You will most likely see Spike and Patty grooming each other in the bamboo platform. Grooming behavior between primates stimulates social affection toward one another. Abu will also join in on the socializing, especially if he can get both Schmidt’s females to groom him!

Swamp monkey Deiriai

And finally, there is Nub; he is our charming Allen’s swamp monkey adult male who came to us from Metro-Richmond Zoo. Nub has a lot of patience hanging around all those swamp monkey kids. He is a quiet fellow who likes to keep to himself but will sometimes get groomed by one or two of the juvenile swamp kids. You will mostly see him hanging down by the grass, foraging or admiring the visitors at the waterway. He’s slightly pudgy, which is pretty normal in adult Allen’s swamp monkeys. His peaceful and happy-go-lucky nature make him a great new addition to our monkey family.

If you haven’t already, come to the bridge down in Lost Forest and check out the two interspecies exhibits for some crazy animal antics! If you come by between 10:30 and 11:30 a.m. you might even catch me tossing fish to the otters or biscuits to the monkeys. I’m sure you’ll love their personalities as much as I do.

Jasmine Almonte is a senior keeper at the San Diego Zoo.

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An Otter’s New Friend

This past April in the San Diego Zoo’s Ituri Forest habitat, African spotted-necked otter Pori gave birth to a new baby girl we’ve named Lila. Along with the excitement of this birth, we were also a little apprehensive about how Mom would treat her older daughter, Mugo. Our experience with spotted-necked otters in the past prepared us for the possibility of Mugo being expelled from the group when the new baby and mom joined them.

Pori usually keeps her pup away from the rest of the family for about two months. Two months is when the pup’s fur becomes waterproof and she is ready to take that first dip in the water. There isn’t much research on spotted-necked otter behavior in the wild, but when contacting other institutions that house this species, we’ve found other females also reject their older daughters in correlation to having another litter of pups. So, when Mugo’s behavior indicated that she was being pushed out, we made plans to find an alternative place for her to live. Fortunately for her, another young female spotted-necked otter living at the Monterey Bay Aquarium with her family was in the same predicament and needed a new home. And so Kazana came to the San Diego Zoo and was introduced to Mugo!

As you can imagine, being separated from your family is scary, even a family that is urging you to leave. But I am happy to say that the girls have become fast friends, and I was excited to let them explore their home in Ituri Forest together. For our regular visitors, you know that Ituri Forest has two large exhibits separated by the guest walkway. What you may not realize is that the exhibits are joined only by the otter bedrooms directly under your feet. This allows us to have separate groups of animals live in each exhibit, everyone with their own bedroom space. It also allowed me to continue taking care of Mugo AND her new friend, Kazana! And since Mugo had been in the north exhibit a time or two before, this allowed her to show Kazana the ropes quite quickly.

After a few days of getting familiar with the exhibit, it was time to introduce the girls to the Allen’s swamp monkeys that share their new home! The troop living in the north exhibit is made up of Mr. Toad, Karen, Bunzi, Kinah, and Makonnen (see Nerissa’s previous blog, Swamp Monkey Checks Out Visitors). As usual, Bunzi and her two kids, Kinah and Makonnen, ran straight to the cliffs over the waterway to search for new toys or treats that we frequently hide for them there. As it turned out, we had a new form of enrichment for them that day!

Kinah was the first to spot Mugo and Kazana, and she let out a loud chirp to alert the troop. Having lived with swamp monkeys all her life, Mugo seemed unfazed. Kazana, however, was immediately interested and ran straight up the embankment to get a better look. This caused quite a bit of excitement for monkey mom and babies, and soon the whole monkey troop was chasing Kazana back into the water. This high-speed game of tag went on for a while, but then everyone settled into a new routine. The monkeys went into the high trees to nap, and the otters cruised up the waterfall to find a nice, warm bed for themselves. Of course, all of this was to be repeated every few hours for the next couple of days!

It’s been a few weeks since Mugo and Kazana have joined the swamp monkeys in Ituri Forest, and although they often play tag, much to our guests’ delight, it seems to be all in fun now. I’m now waiting for Mugo and Kazana to up the ante and meet their other neighbors: Helen the forest buffalo, Chelsea the forest hog, and Oboi the red river hog. I’ll keep you posted!

Nerissa Foland is a senior keeper at the San Diego Zoo.

Read a previous blog about the otters of Ituri Forest, Kinah Meets the Otters.

Read a blog about Mugo’s birth, Otter Pup at the Zoo.