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Writing the History of Conservation

Zoo InternQuest is a seven-week career exploration program for San Diego County high school juniors and seniors. Students have the unique opportunity to meet professionals working for the San Diego Zoo, Safari Park, and Institute for Conservation Research, learn about their jobs and then blog about their experience online. Follow their adventures here on the Zoo’s website!

cameron_W6_picContrary to what her friends allegedly believe, Torrey Pillsbury does not spend her days feeding the inhabitants of the San Diego Zoo Safari Park’s mixed-species field exhibits—or at least, that’s not nearly all she does. As I saw during an amazing tour of her unconventional workplace, Ms. Pillsbury’s job is deeply entwined with conservation. Be it the survival of the entire Arabian oryx species or the life of a single newborn waterbuck calf, Ms. Pillsbury and the Safari Park are constantly working towards a brighter future for animals. 

As a Senior Mammal Keeper, Ms. Pillsbury’s day starts out with a morning meeting. She and the rest of the regular staff discuss and plan the day’s itinerary. An animal can make their check up list for a variety of reasons, including if it was observed having some physical problem, if it just gave birth or if it was just born, or if it is scheduled for some sort of medication or translocation. Ms. Pillsbury’s job in particular focuses on the animals at the north end of the Safari Park, including the Arabian oryx. These Arabian oryx, in addition to many of her other charges, are a part of a Species Survival Program (SSP). SSPs match up breeding pairs of animals to produce the most genetic diversity possible in captive populations. They also try to reintroduce animals to their natural habitats around the world. There are SSPs for over 300 different species, including the Arabian oryx. An SSP often requires animals to be sent to other zoos for breeding, and so these animals are quarantined before and after their transfer to prevent the possible spread of illnesses between zoos.

The Zoo has aided the reintroduction of the Arabian oryx to protected areas in Saudi Arabia and Oman since the 1980s, but the animals have encountered some unanticipated obstacles. As they were extinct in the wild only a few decades ago, the Arabian oryx is still quite rare in the Middle East. They are so rare, in fact, that they are considered valuable and a prize to own. Wealthy individuals have been hiring hunters to essentially kidnap the reintroduced oryx out of the wild for their private menageries. This and other factors have lead to a serious decline in their populations, but the Zoo and its counterparts in the SSP are determined. As of 2010, there have been 342 successful Arabian oryx births at the Safari Park, and the Zoo’s herd shows no sign of slowing down thanks to the SSP!

Speaking of births, my fellow interns and I got to watch the exciting rescue of a newborn waterbuck! On our way into the field, we saw the still-wet calf and his mother in one niche of the field exhibit. On our way back around, however, the mother waterbuck was a distance away, and instead there were several rhinos and another keeper truck right next to the newborn. The other keeper told us that one of the rhinos was being very aggressive, and had actually picked up the baby waterbuck. She was trying to gently push them away with the truck, but was being outmaneuvered by the rhinos. We parked our truck right next to the newborn, protecting it so that the other keeper could focus on the rhinos. In the end, she had to herd the whole group of nearby rhinos to another part of the exhibit with her truck. The waterbuck, safe and unharmed, curled up against the wall for a nap.

Hearing about the Arabian oryx’s story and watching the drama of the baby waterbuck and the rhinos play out right before my eyes made me realize that the people at the Zoo and Safari Park do much more than just feed the animals under their care. Day in and day out, they are actively writing the history of conservation through their caring actions. In the long term, the Arabian oryx is in its natural habitat thanks to their efforts. If you want to see the short-term effects of their everyday conservation work, you can go to the Park and see the baby waterbuck!

Cameron, Conservation Team
Week Six, Winter Session 2013

 

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Hatching New Ideas

Zoo InternQuest is a seven-week career exploration program for San Diego County high school juniors and seniors.  Students have the unique opportunity to meet professionals working for the San Diego Zoo, Safari Park, and Institute for Conservation Research, learn about jobs, and then blog about their experience online.  Follow their adventures here on the Zoo’s website!

cameron_W5_picPeek through the window of an incubator at the San Diego Zoo’s Avian Propagation Center (APC), and you’re likely to come face to face with the most compelling reason to not tidy up your garden this weekend. When I peered in during a tour of the facility, I saw a raggiana bird of paradise, only a few hours old and completely featherless, dozing in a little basket inside the incubator. The raggiana, the first chick of the new season (which runs from mid-March to late August), was smaller than the heel of my hand. It was his keeper, Ms. Ann Knutson, who educated my fellow interns and I on what she does to help the exotic birds that come into her care. She also explained what we can do at home to help our neighborhood birds.

While the little raggiana is the first chick to hatch at the APC this year, many other eggs have hatched on exhibit at the Zoo. Most of the eggs laid at the Zoo hatch on their own and are raised by their feathered parents. However, sometimes eggs must be “pulled” from their nests. This is generally a rare practice, and usually occurs only when the Zoo’s staff have reason to believe that the egg is in some sort of danger. For example, several of the male kiwi are very inexperienced at looking after an egg and have been known to accidentally step on and crush them. In such cases, the eggs are pulled and sent to be hatched and raised at the APC. There they are cared for in special incubators until they are ready to hatch, at which point they are moved to different hatching incubators. When they open their eyes, Ms. Knutson and her fellow keepers all don sheer coverings, known as “ghosts,” during feedings, to keep the young birds form imprinting on humans. As they grow up, they are gradually transitioned from incubators to outdoor enclosures, and finally to their exhibits.

Ms. Knutson and her colleagues also care for the “dirty chicks” brought to the APC (designated as “dirty” because they come from exhibits in the Zoo and may have parasites). Sometimes, a storm will knock a chick from its nest or a parent will be neglectful or aggressive towards a chick. When it becomes dangerous for an already-hatched chick to stay in its exhibit, the chick will be sent to the APC for rearing. The keepers at the APC raise these chicks the same as they do the ones that hatch out in the Zoo, with one major exception: because the dirty chicks hatched outside the APC and have been exposed to any number of potentially harmful bacteria, they must be kept in a separate room from the chicks born into the very controlled, sterile environment of the APC. Ms. Knutson says that they usually see only about three of four dirty chicks a year, but that last year they raised an incredible 44 dirty chicks due to an unusual number of rough storms. Even in the mostly-contained environment of the Zoo, the risk of a predator attacking a chick on grounds is too great to chance. The APC provides a safe, clean environment for rearing.

In addition to telling us about her work, Ms. Knutson reinforced what we’d heard several weeks ago from Ms. Colleen Wisinsky who works at the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research on a project to save the endangered cactus wren. Native plants are critical to every facet of an ecosystem, but birds in particular depend on them for survival. Thick, low shrubbery offers places to hide, roost, and nest, as do tall trees. However, specific native species of birds (such as the cactus wren) often depend on specific species of native plants (such as the cactus). It’s hard for the average individual to contribute to the future of the raggiana bird of paradise, but we can easily help out our local fauna by taking time to spread a little more local flora.

The keepers dedicate long hours to help birds at the APC but you can help your local birds by not dedicating long hours to ridding your garden of organic detritus (such as leaves, twigs and grass clippings). Sometimes, what you don’t do can be as important as what you do. Wild birds often use the leaves and twigs that fall from the plants in our backyards to build their own homes. When you rake it all up and throw it away, the birds must find new resources with which to build their nests. I’ve seen several nests around my neighborhood that have bits of plastic and paper trash woven into them. Going all-natural with your garden is a good policy for all involved: the plants get nutrients from their decomposing leaf litter, the birds get nest materials, and you get more free time for other activities!

Be it in the Avian Propagation Center at the San Diego Zoo or in your own garden at home, there are dozens of ways to lend a helping hand to the birds that are so critical to our world’s ecosystems. As the saying goes, “think globally, but act locally.” For you, “local” action can start right in your own backyard!

Cameron, Real World Team
Week four, Winter Session 2013

 

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The Wondrous Reptile House

Zoo InternQuest is a seven-week career exploration program for San Diego County high school juniors and seniors.  Students have the unique opportunity to meet professionals working for the San Diego Zoo, Safari Park, and Institute for Conservation Research, learn about jobs, and then blog about their experience online.  Follow their adventures here!

When I walked into the reptile house this past week, it was like stepping into another world. The temperature was cranked up for the building’s exotic denizens—and wow, were they exotic! From giant tortoises to emerald snakes to spotted frogs, it was a trip intothe fantastic unknown. Keeper and Educator Peter Gilson gave my fellow interns and I a fantastic tour of the facility. I learned a lot about reptiles and amphibians, and took many photos to share with you.

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Peter Gilson works both in Education and with the Reptile Department. Our introduction to his charges began with a group of very friendly Galapagos tortoises! Much to my surprise, I discovered that these slow-moving giants love affection.

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Galapagos tortoises will rise up high on their legs and stretch up their necks if you start scratching them. I made a new friend in Winston, a 600-pound male who prefers human attention to food.

Some of the other tortoises were very interested in food! They like their greens very much. This guy spent most of our visit munching on lettuce and broccoli.

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Next stop was the Reptile House! The staff have a very efficient system for communicating where they are and what they are doing. For example, if a red dot is by somebody’s name in the “IN” column, it means that they are currently working with a venomous animal.

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The Zoo also breeds some of the reptiles under its care. The eggs are kept in plastic soil-filled containers, which in turn are incubated in special machines.

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This female bushmaster snake is one of three that hatched out last April. Endangered species like the bushmaster have a system called a Species Survival Plan (SSP) that directs who should breed with whom in order to preserve the most genetic diversity within the species. This girl’s best match happens to live in Sweden!

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Speaking of endangered: the Panamanian golden frog is extinct in the wild, but the San Diego Zoo has a very successful breeding program. The Zoo’s Reptile House is one of the only places in the world where these animals can be found. Unfortunately, they cannot be reintroduced back into their natural habitat at this time.

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Like many amphibians worldwide, Panamanian golden frogs have been infected with chytrid fungus. Chytrid fungus invades the surface layer of the frogs’ skin. As many as two-thirds of amphibian species are at risk for extinction because of this disease, and there is currently no known cure.

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It is currently believed that global warming is exacerbating the spread and severity of chytrid fungus. You can help Panamanian golden frogs like this one by keeping your electricity use to a minimum. If we all pull together, maybe this frog and its offspring can eventually go swimming in Panama, too!

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Most of the reptiles, including this emerald tree boa, are on exhibit and can be seen by the public. Whenever you donate to the Zoo—even if it’s just in the form of buying a stuffed animal—it helps keepers like Mr. Gilson care for cool creatures like this big guy!

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Mr. Gilson made sure to mention that even if snakes scare you, they still have crucial roles to play in the global ecosystem. They can even be interesting to touch, if you are in a secure environment with someone like Mr. Gilson.

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Our tour of the Reptile House was fantastic. I got to lift the ball python (whose name is “Monty Python”)! I want to have these guys around long into the future—which is why I’m definitely going to be turning out the lights whenever I’m the last to leave a room.

Cameron, Photo Team
Week Four, Winter Session 2013

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Why all the Panda-monium?

Zoo InternQuest is a seven-week career exploration program for San Diego County high school juniors and seniors. Students have the unique opportunity to meet professionals working for the San Diego Zoo, Safari Park, and Institute for Conservation Research, learn about their jobs and then blog about their experience online. Follow their adventures here on the Zoo’s website!

cameron_W3_picOn Thursday, I went to the Zoo not only with the InternQuest program, but also with my biology class. The field trip was specifically to visit the Zoo’s collection of insects, but we were eventually given a worksheet and allowed to drift about sightseeing. My group and I tried to visit the newest panda baby, Xiao Liwu, but were thwarted by time constraints and the dozens of panda fans waiting in Panda Canyon.

While we didn’t get to see the purportedly adorable Mr. Wu, we certainly had a front-row view of the “panda-monium” that has helped bring the species back from extinction. People of all ages and backgrounds were eager for a peek at the famous black-and-white bear. On their way out, many of them stopped in the shop to purchase a plush panda toy, a T-shirt, or any of the dozens of other panda-themed items. My friend bought a panda-patterned lanyard, and we didn’t even see the baby! We were surrounded by evidence that the conservation efforts focusing on giant pandas are going strong but, as Senior Research Technician Ms. Suzanne Hall told my fellow interns and I later that day, it wasn’t always this way.

Fifteen to twenty years ago, the habitat fragmentation of the giant panda was such that the species was right on the precipice of extinction. Humans struggled to help the species. In the past, every time a pair of twins was born in captivity, one of them would die because the demands of caring for two cubs was just too much for the mother panda. “When I started working with pandas back in 1998,” Ms. Hall said, “we didn’t even know what we should do to change what we were already doing….” Obviously, things have changed. The public can now bask in the presence of the San Diego Zoo’s sixth panda cub. But what, exactly, was it that changed? How did we go from the aforementioned precipice of extinction to crowds of panda fans coming to pay homage to the Zoo’s “little gift,” Xiao Liwu?

While pandas have always held mystery and magic for some, it seems to have started when China had the foresight to send its furry ambassadors around the world to different zoos. I am of the opinion that when the most innovative minds around the world can collaborate and share research and ideas, almost anything is possible. For example, in the event of the birth of twins, a mother panda will only care for one baby. Slowly, humans have learned to be excellent pseudo-mothers to the unlucky twin. Now, an incredible 95% of these twins survive. A sustainable captive population has been achieved, zoos around the world have had successful panda births, and scientists in China are working on reintroduction of individuals back into the wild.

Speaking of successful panda births, “even after six cubs, it’s still amazing,” Ms. Hall says of watching panda births at the Zoo. The first panda born at the Zoo, Hua Mei, was also the first to survive to adulthood in the United States. She has since gone on to have nine cubs of her own, including three sets of twins! Ms. Hall keenly remembers Hua Mei’s birth. “The mood here was euphoric. Everybody was so excited to be a part of that process.”

And this, the euphoria and excitement, is the driving factor behind “panda-monium”; it’s just so amazing to be a part of the process of saving such an awesome animal! People can really connect with pandas. Again, in the words of the eloquent Ms. Hall: “You conserve what you love, and you love what you know.” If you don’t know about a species, if you never have the opportunity to form a connection with an animal, why would you care if they were to go extinct? People know about pandas thanks to outreach efforts from organizations like the Zoo, and they care. This gives me hope for the future.

So, do you care about pandas? All species, pandas included, need not only your heart but your dollar behind them. If you really care about these fantastic animals, start asking questions! Ask the manufacturer if that nice bamboo shelving comes from sustainably harvested sources. Ask your favorite food brands if the palm oil in them is produced without the destruction of habitat. Ask about everything, and use your questions and your money to support a future where your children and grandchildren and great grandchildren get to wait in line to visit these creatures, too. Not only will they thank you for it, but the children and grandchildren and great grandchildren of Xiao Liwu will thank you, too!

Cameron, Conservation Team
Week Three, Winter Session 2013

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Collaboration as Conservation

Zoo InternQuest is a seven-week career exploration program for San Diego County high school juniors and seniors. Students have the unique opportunity to meet professionals working for the San Diego Zoo, Safari Park, and Institute for Conservation Research, learn about their jobs and then blog about their experience online. Follow their adventures here on the Zoo’s website!

Cameron_RealWorld_W2What do a fertility clinic, a veterinary hospital, and a Burmese python hunt in Florida all have in common? Believe it or not, the answer is sperm! On our most recent InternQuest adventure, my fellow students and I visited the Reproductive Physiology Lab at the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research (ICR) to learn about all of the science it takes to make those cuddly little zoo babies.

As it turns out, the complexities of the world of reproduction go way beyond the standard facts of life, especially when endangered species are involved. Say you work at the San Diego Zoo, and you’re trying to breed a pair of animals. Sometimes, the animals in question just won’t cooperate. When you’re trying to save a species that has had its numbers drastically reduced and finding other individuals for your breeding program simply isn’t possible, you have to work with what you’ve got. But if “what you’ve got” is a pair of very uninterested pandas, you can’t just wait around and hope for a cub.

Fortunately, the scientists before you (including those at the ICR) have created fantastic processes dealing with things like sperm collection and artificial insemination. But before we can get to the fancy stuff, we have to start out with a basic understanding of the sperm that we’re going to be dealing with. How can we freeze it for storage without killing it? How can we tell if we have killed it by accident? How long does it last when frozen? The questions are virtually endless but there is only so much panda sperm in the world for you to perfect your techniques with. Also, nonprofits have limited budget. The solution to these problems brings me back to the unlikely combination of institutions that this blog post began with: the fertility clinic, the vet hospital, and the python hunt.

Incidentally, the sperm of the everyday house cat is very similar to the sperm of the more exotic felines, and the sperm of dogs is not only similar to that of other dog-like creatures (such as wolves and foxes), but also to bears. This is awesome for scientists like Dr. Barbara Durrant, Nicole Ravida, and Carly Young. These three women all work in the Reproductive Physiology Lab that we visited. Dr. Durrant is the Director of the Reproductive Physiology Division, while Ms. Ravida and Ms. Young are Senior Research Technicians. They have formed partnerships with many diverse organizations to collect resources used in their research. If your pet has been spayed or neutered in San Diego, there’s a chance that their removed ovaries or testes may have gone to the Zoo. They collect such organs that would otherwise be discarded from animal shelters, vet clinics, and feral cat centers and use these samples to help endangered species. Recently, they’ve even been able to start studying snake reproduction from organs collected from the Florida pythons. The government of Florida instigated a hunt of this invasive species in January of 2013, and the Reproductive Physiology scientists were allowed to take samples from the gathered pythons. They also get tools and other resources from human fertility clinics.

I was really surprised to hear that the ICR collaborates with other organizations in this manner, but it makes more sense when you think of the researchers and their conservation mission as a start-up company. They’re learning how to create a better product by tinkering with things that other “companies” cast off or have worked with in the past. Organizations dedicated to helping animals, however, are less inclined to be competitive with each other than those in the corporate world, and more inclined to help each other reach similar end goals. In a world where everyone’s bottom line is a better future for animals, innovative partnerships like these can thrive.

As my fellow interns and I discovered, many other innovative techniques in the lab have been developed specifically for studying sperm. Ms. Young showed me how scientists use a counter and a grid pattern, along with a five-point scale, to assess the motility (meaning the movement and speed) of thawed sperm. There’s a type of dye called eosin/nigrosin stain that, when combined with semen and examined under a microscope, will color dead sperm pink but leave live sperm their typical whitish color. There’s even a method of speeding up sperm motility by adding caffeine to semen! The scientists in the Reproductive Physiology Division are definitely putting their acquired resources to good use, and the San Diego Zoo has had lots of little chicks, cubs, and pups to show for it.

Next time I visit Xiao Liwu, the Zoo’s newest panda cub, I’m definitely going to have a different perspective. So much research goes into such a little ball of black and white fluff! And while all of this is amazing, a part of me wishes that all this wasn’t so critical. Don’t get me wrong, science is fun! But how did we get to this point? It’s fantastic that such partnerships exist, that such cutting-edge science is being used to save species. But maybe, if we as a people had stepped in earlier to curb things like habitat destruction, species like the panda wouldn’t be at the point where only the most advanced science can save them. Looking into the future, it’s just not possible to do breeding programs in zoos for all the species that are close to extinction. This means that if we really want to protect them in the long term, we need to do more for protecting their wild habitat in conjunction with the cutting-edge research in field like Reproductive Physiology.

Deforestation in particular devastates species and destroys entire ecosystems, but we all have our own small power as consumers to make a change. If you ever happen to be looking at bamboo floors, for example, ask a bit about their source’s sustainability. While scientists will do what they can (and then some), it’s also up to the rest of us to make our own partnerships within the business community, and support those who go out of their way to protect our planet and the other creatures that live here. I think that if we can come together with the python hunters, the reproductive physiologists, and the bamboo flooring installers, serious and meaningful change can happen for our planet.

Cameron, Real World Team
Week Two, Winter Session 2013

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The Road to Conservation Education

Zoo InternQuest is a seven-week career exploration program for San Diego County high school juniors and seniors.  Students have the unique opportunity to meet professionals working for the San Diego Zoo, Safari Park, and Institute for Conservation Research, learn about jobs, and then blog about their experience online.  Follow their adventures here on the Zoo’s website!

Cameron_Careers_W1Did you know that California condors have deposits of heavy metals in their beaks that allow them to feel the earth’s magnetic field? I didn’t either, until I visited Mrs. Maggie Reinbold, the Conservation Program and Lab Manager for the Conservation Education Division at the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research. In addition to being passionate about genetics, she knows all about condors and the incredible program that brought them back from the brink of extinction. Last week, she walked us through the ins and outs of the conservation history of the California condor and the remarkable science that saved them. She also told us about her own path to the Beckman Center, and how she managed to find a career that combines her two passions: education and science.

For all intents and purposes, Mrs. Reinbold is a native San Diegan: she grew up here, went to school here, and fell in love with the intricacies of DNA here. As an undergraduate, she studied zoology at San Diego State University (SDSU), and went on to study evolutionary biology as a graduate student. Though she is a self-described “nerd” for all things related to animals and genetics, she was also very drawn to education.

She worked as a hands-on science teacher in a local school setting, but found the rigid structure of the state standards too limiting. She experimented with different forms of education as a museum guide at the San Diego Natural History Museum, and for the PISCES Project, an SDSU initiative designed to create partnerships between scientists and science teachers. Over time, Mrs. Reinbold found herself drawn specifically to informal, hands-on science education.

In 2005, she took a summer job in the Genetics Division of the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research. From there, she was tasked to help create a whole new division: Conservation Education! She had been looking for a way to combine her interests, and this new division offered her the perfect opportunity. Mrs. Reinbold accepted the offer enthusiastically, but didn’t quite know what she was getting into. “When they said, ‘Would you like to see your lab?’” she remembered, laughing, “my response was, ‘I have a lab?!’ I had no idea.” Over the last seven years, Mrs. Reinbold has built a program that, in her words, is all about “engaging members of the community in a hands-on, accessible way.”

The Conservation Education Division reaches far beyond the Beckman Center. They run in situ conservation programs all over the world, from Peru to Borneo. Back in San Diego, they make schools and community events a priority. In fact, my fellow interns and I arrived to visit right on the heels of a large school group from Carson, California. As we discovered, visitors to the lab will leave knowing all about condors and the efforts to save them, not to mention the amazing DNA analysis required for their breeding program. Not only has Mrs. Maggie Reinbold created a program that has touched countless lives, she has found a career for herself that combined two of her strongest interests.

I found her story personally inspiring because I often wonder how on earth I will be able to choose form all my interests. I’ve been approaching my future with the mindset that I will have to pick between my interests, but maybe I can find a way to not pick and choose, but combine. If her combination of education with genetics resulted in something as awesome as the Division of Conservation Education at the San Diego Zoo, then what might I be able to create by combining my own interests? For that matter, what might you be able to create?

Cameron, Careers Team
Winter Session, Week One

 

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A New Adventure

Zoo InternQuest is a seven-week career exploration program for San Diego County high school juniors and seniors.  Students have the unique opportunity to meet professionals working for the San Diego Zoo, Safari Park, and Institute for Conservation Research, learn about jobs, and then blog about their experience online.  Follow their adventure here!

DSC03791Hello everyone! I’m Cameron, high school junior and animal enthusiast. I enjoy outdoor adventure sports like hiking and rock climbing, as well as learning the Mandarin dialect of Chinese. I’m interested in many things, but conservation, writing and, of course, animals are where my true passions lie.

I have been somewhat obsessed with animals and the natural world since I was very young. I grew up watching Animal Planet, making lists of the different dog breeds I saw on the street, and jumping at every opportunity to visit the zoo or a stable, or an animal shelter, or a sanctuary…as long as it had animals, I was game. Six-year-old me assured my classmates and neighbors that I was not a “kitty-cat” for Halloween; I was an ocelot.

When I was four, I became interested in the Chinese language. My preschool teacher taught me a few simple nursery rhymes in Mandarin, and I have kept at it all these years. I got the chance to go to China for the first time on a language scholarship in the summer of 2011, and went to the zoo in Shanghai. I was very interested in the many differences that I observed between that zoo and the ones I had been to in America, and I set out to investigate.

As I wove my way into the world of zoos, I met many fascinating people and my interests gradually shifted from exhibit design to conservation education. Currently, I’m working with the Beckman Center’s Dr. Chia Tan on the Little Green Guards program, a fun, monkey-themed conservation education project aimed at rural elementary schoolers in southern China. I’m creating a video series that will be shown at an after-school club. In the vein of Steve Irwin (minus the crocodile-jumping) and the Kratt brothers (minus the talking puppet), I teach in Mandarin about animals alongside the English alphabet. For example, as of this writing we’re just wrapping up the first episode, “A is for Ape.” It’s been fantastic, and I only have more to look forward to!

I have great hope for both my own future and for the future of the world. Above everything, I want to change this world for the better, one kid (or animal) at a time. I know that this internship will be an amazing experience, and I’m so excited to not only go through it myself, but to share it with all of you!

Cameron
Winter Session 2013